By Steve Clark
Automation is everywhere. No, really, it is. It might seem like some new-fangled technology drive, but the fact is we’re interacting with automated systems all the time, from your email newsletter subscriptions to the movies that Netflix recommends to you. Even your basic thermostat at home is an automated system.
And further ‘personal’ automation is slowly – oh-so-very slowly, not to mention expensively – filtering into our homes. Think the ‘Internet of Things’. Think door locks and home CCTV operated by smartphone. Think of a future where people laugh at the ‘good old days’ when people used to manually draw the curtains (yes, automated shades are real because of course they are).
Workplace automation, on the other hand, is well and truly entrenched around the globe. But while the renaissance quietly rolls out across offices and factories, the growth and popularity of such technologies is deeply dividing industry figures.
So, how will automation impact…
One argument that frequently crops up regarding automated systems is the impact of employment. If robots are replacing jobs that were typically carried out by low-paid manual labourers, doesn’t that mean workers are going to face unemployment?
The true answer sits in that ambiguous grey area. Yes – certain jobs will, in time, be relegated to robot roles. No – that doesn’t automatically mean a decreased workforce. What automation actually allows is for workers to work on tasks that require human intelligence. Think of the barcode scanner – one of the most ubiquitous automated systems in the world. Its introduction, far from decimating shop workers, actually led to increased employment.
As our old friends McKinsey & Co. explain:
‘Even when machines do take over some human activities in an occupation, this does not necessarily spell the end of the jobs in that line of work. On the contrary, their number at times increases in occupations that have been partly automated, because overall demand for their remaining activities has continued to grow. For example, the large-scale deployment of bar-code scanners and associated point-of-sale systems in the United States in the 1980s reduced labor costs per store by an estimated 4.5 percent and the cost of the groceries consumers bought by 1.4 percent. It also enabled a number of innovations, including increased promotions. But cashiers were still needed; in fact, their employment grew at an average rate of more than 2 percent between 1980 and 2013.’
And the money saved and gained by businesses is typically reinvested in its workforce, granting them new skills and creating new avenues of employment. Which leads us to…
A business always has its eye on the bottom line. This is one of the great attractions for automated systems – because that increased productivity leads to increased output, which equals increased revenue.
In the academic paper ‘Robots at Work’, Georg Graetz of Uppsala University and the LSE’s Guy Michaels discovered that, between 1993 and 2007, automated systems encouraged the average GDP of countries to leap by 0.37%. That was ten years ago, when automation was Go to the full article.
Source:: Business 2 Community